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Archive for the ‘Books & Magazines’ Category

Shakespeare makes it on to the list but there is no place for Austen, Dickens or – thankfully – the Da Vinci Code. Melvyn Bragg is to host a new TV series, 12 Books That Changed The World, about the tomes which have shaped our lives.

They include the first rule book of the Football Association, drawn up in 1863 and the basis for the modern game.

The King James Bible is in the list, along with the Magna Carta and Darwin’s The Origin of Species.

Also included is Married Love by family planning campaigner Marie Stopes.

Published in 1918, it was the UK’s first sex manual and was branded obscene by the church and the medical establishment.

The text of William Wilberforce’s historic speech to Parliament in 1789, in which he began his campaign for the abolition of slavery, is among the 12 books, along with Mary Wollstonecraft’s 18th century feminist treatise A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

Bragg has also chosen the 1769 patent specification for Arkwright’s Spinning Machine, arguably the greatest invention of the Industrial Revolution, and Michael Faraday’s Experimental Research in Electricity.

An ITV spokesman said: “When people think of things that change the world, they tend to think of extraordinary events: the assassination of leaders, the invasion of countries, the havoc wreaked by natural disasters.

“There is something less attention-grabbing, but just as powerful, which changes the world – books.

The 12 books are:
Darwin – The Origin of Species (1859)
The First Rule Book of the Football Association (1863)
William Shakespeare’s First Folio (1623)
Newton – Principia Mathematica (1687)
Adam Smith – The Wealth of Nations (1776)
William Wilberforce – Speech to the House of Commons (May 12 1789)
The King James Bible (1611)
Patent Specification for Arkwright’s Spinning Machine (1769)
Mary Wollstonecraft – A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)
Michael Faraday – Experimental Research in Electricity (1855)
Marie Stopes – Married Love (1918)
Magna Carta (1215)

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The Da Vinci Code is a mystery/detective novel by American author Dan Brown, published in 2003 by Doubleday.This novel has provoked popular interest in speculation concerning the Holy Grail legend and the role of Mary Magdalene in the history of Christianity. According to the premise of the novel, the Vatican knows it is perpetuating a lie about Jesus’ bloodline and the role of women in church, but continues to do so to keep itself in power.Dan Brown’s novel was a major success in 2004 and at times it was only outsold by the highly popular Harry Potter series. It spawned a number of offspring books and drew glowing reviews from the New York Times, People Magazine and the Washington Post. It also re-ignited interest in the history of the Roman Catholic Church. As well as re-invigorating interest in the Church, The Da Vinci Code, itself preceded by other Grail books such as The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail by Michael Baigent and others, and Umberto Eco’s Foucault’s Pendulum, has inspired a number of novels very similar to it, including Raymond Khoury’s The Last Templar, and The Templar Legacy by Steve Berry.It is a worldwide bestseller which had printed 60.5 million copies by May 2006 and has been translated into 44 languages. It is thought to be the 18th best-selling book of all time. Combining the detective, thriller and conspiracy fiction genres, the book is the second book by Dan Brown to include the character Robert Langdon, the first being his 2000 novel Angels and Demons. In November 2004 Random House published a “Special Illustrated Edition” with 160 illustrations.In 2006, a film adaptation, The Da Vinci Code, was released by Columbia Pictures.

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1. National Geographic (June 1985)

 

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The famous cover photo of the June 1985 issue was of an Afghan refugee, a young 13-year old girl with haunting green eyes. The photograph was taken in a small tented schoolroom by National Geographic photographer Steve McCurry in a Peshawar, Pakistan refugee camp. After the US-led invasion of Afghanistan a search was conducted for the (presumably grown) girl. Remarkably, a National Geographic television film crew found her, and she was identified in 2002 as Sharbat Gula, a Pashtun woman married and living with her family, and quite unaware of her fame as a photographic subject. Steve McCurry again photographed Sharbat Gula for the second time in her life. Her story was told in the April 2002 issue of National Geographic and in a National Geographic television documentary. She stated then that the two famous photos of her, the one from 1985 and the follow-up in 2002, were the only times she had ever been photographed. A fund named after Gula was created and initially funded by the Society and contributed to by thousands of readers which resulted in a partnership between National Geographic and the Asia Foundation in the creation of a girls’ school in Afghanistan that taught hundreds of teenage girls with both a vocational and basic education, in addition to a hot meal and health care. The funds also contributed to the construction of a public school for girls in Kabul

 

2. Rolling Stone (Jan. 22, 1981)

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Rolling Stone’s cover of John Lennon and Yoko Ono was named the top magazine cover to appear since 1965. The image was photographed by renowned celebrity portraitist Annie Leibovitz mere hours before Lennon was shot on December 8, 1980. The photo was eventually used on the cover of Rolling Stone’s tribute issue to Lennon on January 22, 1981.

 

3. Fortune (October 1, 2001)

 

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This special edition of Fortune, entitled “Up from the Ashes,” shows a man covered in ashes after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Published less than a month after the attacks, the issue discussed the economic ramifications of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on New York City and the world.

 

4. Playboy (October 1971)

 

 

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Photographer Richard Fegley took this photo of model Darine Stern sitting on a Playboy bunny chair for the October 1971 cover of the magazine. The idea came about when art designer Len Willis decided to create a chair using the famous rabbit head. Stern became the first African-American model to grace the cover of Playboy and the cover has become a classic for the magazine.

 

 

5. People (September 15, 1997)

 

 

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This cover of People features a black and white photograph of Princess Diana, and the issue is a tribute to her life after she was killed in August 1997 in a car crash. Diana appeared on the cover of the magazine a record 52 times and was one of the most popular People cover subjects. In 1981, she married Prince Charles and arguably became one of the most famous women in the world. She was lauded for her high-profile involvement in AIDS issues and for an international campaign against landmines. Diana’s death was greeted with extraordinary public grief, and her funeral at Westminster Abbey drew an estimated three million mourners in London, as well as worldwide television coverage.

 

6. TIME (April 14, 1997)

 

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This cover of TIME magazine is entitled “Yep, I’m Gay,” with a photograph of Ellen DeGeneres by celebrity photographer Firooz Zahedi. In the April 14, 1997 issue of TIME magazine, DeGeneres spoke to writer Bruce Handy and admitted to him that she was gay and this made her television’s first openly gay star. The television character played by DeGeneres on the sitcom Ellen also came out later that month and this was one of the most watched episodes of the series.

 

7. Entertainment Weekly (May 2, 2003)

 

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The Dixie Chicks appear naked on this cover of Entertainment Weekly with slogans such as “Boycott,” “Traitors,” “Hero” and “Proud Americans” printed on their bodies. Two months before, member Natalie Maines criticized the impending invasion of Iraq by President George Bush at a concert in London. This remark sparked intense criticism from many Americans who subsequently boycotted The Dixie Chicks music and concerts. In their interview with Entertainment Weekly, the group discussed their reaction to the criticism and what lies ahead for them in the country music industry.

 

8. People (March 4, 1974)

 

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This premiere issue of People featured Mia Farrow on the cover biting a strand of pearls. Farrow was starring in the movie “The Great Gatsby” as Daisy Buchanan and the cover dubbed Gatsby the year’s next big movie. Since this issue, People has become a popular magazine of celebrity and pop culture news and is best known for yearly special issues naming “The 50 Most Beautiful People,” “The Best and Worst Dressed” and “The Sexiest Man Alive.”

 

 

9. LIFE Special Edition (1969)

 

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This LIFE special edition “To the Moon and Back” chronicles the first moon landing, brought about by the courage of the Apollo 11 astronauts and the thousands of people who supported their mission. On the cover is a picture of Buzz Aldrin, taken by fellow astronaut Neil Armstrong. Along with color photographs of this historic walk on the moon, there are biographical sketches of Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins. There is also a history of manned space exploration from the first single orbit around the earth orbit to the launch of Apollo 11.

10. The Economist (September 10-16, 1994)

 

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This controversial cover of The Economist portrays “The Trouble with Mergers” by showing an illustration of two camels mating. The London-based magazine published the cover in the North American edition, but not in the European edition. Reaction to this cover was mixed, with some readers disgusted and others highly amused.

 

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